Tree review advises on best future approaches

Using historically locally characteristic trees to replace threatened or lost oak, ash and elm is the provisional finding of a research project by the University of East Anglia, funded by Defra and the Arts & Humanities Research Council.

Sycamore is recommended for Yorkshire
Sycamore is recommended for Yorkshire

University of East Anglia researchers Toby Pillatt, Gerry Barnes and Tom Williamson said lessons from their review of arboreal history, Rural tree populations in England: historic character and future planting policy, are that ash, elm and oak have been the most important trees (85-100 per cent in the four counties studied - Yorkshire, Northamptonshire, Hertfordshire and Norfolk) planted in the countryside "with consequences that are now frightening - elm has effectively gone, ash is threatened and there are serious concerns about oak".

In a report for British Wildlife, they said "we are obliged" to plant different trees now, and not just for economic and practical reasons as in the past. They advised planting trees that "have long been characteristic of different localities" using "selective diversity".

They recommended sycamore for Yorkshire, as well as field maple beech and alder. In Hertfordshire, aspen, wild cherry, beech and apple for the hedgerows of the east and black poplar, hornbeam and field maple for the clay of the east. Northamptonshire would be good for willows.

The researchers also recognised suggestions for planting trees such as downy oak in preparation for climate change and planting small-leaved lime for historical reasons. Rigorous management of trees may produce healthier populations, with felling of mature trees and regular pollarding creating resilience, they suggested.

After the "catastrophic decline in the numbers of farmland trees" over the past 150 years, they said: "We need to plant very large numbers of trees and we need to plant them now. But we need to think carefully about what we should plant and where. Here, the history of the landscape, while it should by no means be our only guide, ought to be one influence on our thinking."


Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Sign up now
Already registered?
Sign in

Read These Next


Follow us on:
  • Facebook
  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter
  • Google +
Horticulture Jobs
More Horticulture Jobs

HW Top UK Arboriculture Businesses

See our exclusive RANKING of arboriculture businesses by annual turnover. 

BUSINESS LEADs

Build your business with the latest public sector tenders covering landscape, arboriculture, grounds care, production and kit supplies. To receive the latest tenders weekly to your inbox sign up for our Tenders Tracker bulletin here.

HORTICULTURE WEEK Custodian Awards

Find out more about the outstanding parks, gardens and arboricultural projects and teams that became our Custodian Award 2018 winners.

Jeremy Barrell On...

Jeremy Barrell

Tree consultant Jeremy Barrell reflects on the big issues in arboriculture.

Products & Kit Resources