The airlift, which will last until next Spring, will see the restoration of six moorland sites in the Peak District and South Pennines Moors.
The work is being carried out by the Moors for the Future Partnership, which is led by the Peak District National Park Authority, and funded by Natural England, Defra, the National Trust, Yorkshire Water, United Utilities and the Environment Agency.
Ginny Hinton, Peak District team leader at Natural England said: ‘‘This is habitat restoration on a big scale in one of the most wild and wonderful places in the UK.
"Bringing back these native plants will help improve the condition of the moors and the benefits that they provide in supporting water quality, carbon storage, and wildlife."
Cuttings will be taken from nursery-grown plants including common cotton and hares tail cotton grasses, bilberry, crowberry, cloudberry and cross leaved heath.
Plug plants will then be airlifted in large industrial bags back to the moorlands by helicopter, where they are then individually planted by hand to help repair areas of damaged and eroding bare peat.