New elderberry varieties bred for cordial market

New varieties of Sambucus (elderberry) are being bred for scent for the cordial market by Edmund Brown, the national collection holder of Sambucus including 116 named varieties from all over the world and co-owner of Cotswold Garden Flowers.

Brown: planning full-scale production starting in 2017
Brown: planning full-scale production starting in 2017

Brown, who has been breeding Sambucus since 2009, said walking through the national collection in 2013 he "realised that all the Sambucus have different scent. I'm also a home brewer, so I already was becoming very aware that the different varieties impart different flavours into the finished sparkling wine."

He has isolated new flavours including almond, orange squash, blackcurrant, star anise, orange, and rose scents, and is working with a food scientist to develop more. He has also been selecting out those with stronger flower colour, which becomes an integral part of the finished cordial, saving the need to add artificial colours.

Elders are healthy and full of antioxidants, added Brown, but they are often seen as a weed so have not found favour in the same way as blueberries or goji berries. But he said elderflower flavours are becoming more popular in the soft drinks market with companies such as Schweppes, Belvoir and Fever Tree, although UK production does not meet demand and centres on one variety.

Brown is breeding for a longer flowering season, extending to late September. Increasing flower size from 5.5in to 14in has increased yields by five or six times. He has even found a sweet elderberry that he has eaten straight off the tree. A standard control elderberry has 90g of sugar per litre while the new sweet selection has 150g, he pointed out.

"With the sugar tax coming along, high antioxidants and high levels of background sugar without the need to add sugar have got to be a winner. Getting new products into the marketplace is difficult but these plants are so good it should be easy. I am planning full-scale production, starting in 2017, of both finished plants and our own orchards."

He added that an old study run by Mike Dunnett showed 85 per cent of new introductions completely disappeared from production after a period of 10 years, "so because of this it makes me very critical of my own breeding". Lack of trials meant many introductions failed to take off, though trialling has improved since Dunnett's study, which means they are likely to have more longevity.


Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Sign up now
Already registered?
Sign in

Read These Next

Is leaving the EU an opportunity to harness the potential of agri-tech?

Is leaving the EU an opportunity to harness the potential of agri-tech?

A group of leading industry and research figures has agreed a series of agri-tech measures that will be recommended to Government as a means of making British farming more profitable and productive post-Brexit.

What do fruit and vegetable growers hope for from a renationalised farming policy?

What do fruit and vegetable growers hope for from a renationalised farming policy?

Defra's "Health & Harmony" consultation paper, which closed for responses this week, has given growers and their representative bodies a chance to shape the largest reformulation of farming and land-use policy in nearly half a century.

Protected Cropping Structures - Polytunnels

Protected Cropping Structures - Polytunnels

Cost factors, ventilation benefits and the ability to fit new advanced films are some of the reasons behind the popularity of these structures, says Sally Drury.


Follow us on:
  • Facebook
  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter
  • Google +

Horticulture Week Top UK FRUIT PRODUCERS

See our exclusive ranking of fruit producers by annual turnover. 

Horticulture Jobs
More Horticulture Jobs

Pest & Disease Tracker bulletin 

The latest pest and disease alerts, how to treat them, plus EAMU updates, sent direct to your inbox.

Sign up here

Professor Geoffrey Dixon

GreenGene International chair Geoff Dixon on the business of fresh produce production
 

Read Professor Geoffrey Dixon