The London Climate Change Partnership, Natural England, London Biodiversity Partnership, London Development Agency and Greater London Authority commissioned LUC to report on the impacts and how climate change adaptation strategies could present opportunities or threats to biodiversity.
LUC's report, Adapting to Climate Change: Creating Natural Resilience, identifies three key responses needed to maximise biodiversity opportunities, in the light of climate change.
These responses are: urban greening and the development of ecological networks; sensitive river restoration and flood storage schemes; and appropriate wildlife habitat management.
The report highlights that two-thirds of London's area is covered by green space and water, which support many different species.
It examines the effects of climate change, such as flooding, drought and the urban heat island effect and recommends that key players must act to help divert the risks.
This includes a call to the mayor of London to establish an Urban Greening task force and for local authorities to raise awareness of the role of green spaces in climate change adaptation.
Incorporating biodiversity into planning and delivery of urban greening - for example through parks and green roofs - is a major theme of the report.
Using drought-tolerant species and creating a mix of habitats is also identified as key.