The Heartlands Polkemmet reclamation scheme is using some of the four million cubic metres of colliery waste for the courses.
Alex Muirhead, project manager for site owner Ecosse Regeneration, said: "When mixed with screened colliery shale, the growing material helped stimulate rapid and uniform establishment of turf grasses without weed problems."
Using colliery waste instead of imported topsoil offered savings of around £10 per tonne, he said.
More than 15,000 tonnes of re-cycled compost were used for four holes. The courses are due to open for the 2015 Ryder Cup.