The 1980s

1983
Harold Hillier is knighted, five years after his remarkable arboretum has been gifted to Hampshire County Council.

1984
The Institute of Horticulture is established with the aim of fostering a close relationship between all sectors of professional horticulture throughout the UK and Ireland.

1984
The International Garden Festival, the brainchild of Lord Heseltine, takes place attracting 3.8 million visitors. The specially commissioned entertainment complex was the centrepiece of Liverpool’s early regeneration efforts, following industrial decline in the preceding decade.

1984
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane or DDT is banned in agricultural use in the United Kingdom.

1985
The European Environmental Impact Assessment Directive is passed driving an increase in environmental impact assessments which in turn lead to further growth in landscape architecture practice.

1985
Glasshouse Crops Research Institute is merged with the National Vegetable Research Station at Wellesbourne, East Malling Research Station in Kent and the Hop Department of Wye College to create the Institute of Horticultural Research (IHR).

1986
RHS Garden Rosemoor, Devon is gifted to the RHS by Lady Anne Palmer.

1986
Control of Pesticides Regulations provides a ist of pesticides subject to control, and outlines approval required for their sale, storage and use.

1989
The Gardeners Royal Benevolent Society’s 150th anniversary celebrations include a reception at the Mansion House by the City of London with the patron Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in attendance.

1989
Horticulture Week readers are told of a new advance in plant breeding: genetic engineering.

1990
At Heligan in Cornwall derelict gardens are discovered by Tim Smit and John Willis sparking a restoration project that continues to this day.

1990
The working prototype of a transplanting machine capable of handling up to 300,000 bedding plants in an eight hour day is one of the major attractions at the American Grower Expo in Illinois, Horticulture Week reports.

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