The 1910s

1912
The Great Spring Show at Temple Gardens is cancelled to make way for the Royal International Horticultural Exhibition at the Royal Hospital in Chelsea, London.

1913
Coles Nurseries is established by James Coles with the purchase of an eight-acre site in Evington, Leicester. The company was initially required to grow and supply fruit and vegetables due to WWI. After the war, the company is able to focus solely on the production of nursery plants and soon becomes known as a high-end retail nursery.

1913
The Wallace Club becomes the first frameless tractor with three wheels attached to the engine housing.

1913
Seventeen-year-old Arthur Cooling starts growing market garden crops as a part-time occupation. He purchases one acre of land at the rear of Chislehurst High Street in 1920 where the first second-hand greenhouses are built.

1913
The Great Spring Show is held at the Royal Hospital in Chelsea, London, where it has remained ever since as the RHS Chelsea Flower Show. Exhibitors in 1913  include Black & Langdon.

1913
East Malling Research in Kent is established by the fruit growing sector to address the many challenges facing growers.

1914
As the Great War begins, fears over food security sees The Gardeners’ Chronicle join with horticultural institutions in calling for gardens to be cleared for growing vegetables and fruit crops.

1917
The Imperial War Graves Commission is established by Royal Charter, with the Prince of Wales as president and Sir Fabian Ware as vice-chairman.

1919
Colonel Gavin Jones decides to relinquish his military career and with his wife, buys a small horticultural property in Letchworth for cultivation of alpine plants. His hobby soon develops into a thriving business – now one of the best-known landscaping and grounds maintenance operators.

1919
Lionel Nathan de Rothschild buys the Exbury Estate in the New Forest. On the edge of the Solent, it benefits from a micro-climate suited for growing rhododendrons. Some 250 men are employed to clear out the woodland so that the gardens can be laid out.


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