The 1890s

1892
The first petrol-powered traction motor – or tractor – is built by American John Froelich by mounting a petrol engine to the wood and steel frame of a steam traction engine. At 9,000 pounds, the 30 horsepower petrol traction engine still weighed much less than a steam device.

1894
More than 100,000 attend the opening of London’s Peckham Rye Park, designed by Lt-Colonel JJ Sexby – the London County Council’s first superintendent of parks. The park includes tennis courts, play areas, a bowling green, ornamental flowerbeds, a rockery with small grotto and American, Japanese and old English gardens.

1895
The National Trust is founded by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Hardwicke Rawnsley.

1896
Impatiens walleriana – or Busy Lizzie – is introduced from East Africa.

1896
Architect Edwin Lutyens designs Gertrude Jekyll’s house, Munstead Wood. The creation of house
and garden are described in her books, Wood and Garden (1899) and Home and Garden (1900).

1897
On 11 February 1897, Roger Crompton Notcutt buys a nursery in Woodbridge at auction into
which he moves with his family. The house is still part of the Notcutts business today.

1898
The Municipal Parks, Gardens and Open Spaces of London; their history and associations, is published by London County Council superintendent of parks Lt-Colonel JJ Sexby.

1899
The Horticultural Trades Association is established at the Crystal Palace by 60 like-minded horticulturists.

1899
Harry James Veitch sends Ernest Wilson to China to search for plants suitable for British gardens and, in particular, the seed of the Davidia, or Pocket-handkerchief Tree. Wilson finds a group of Davidia producing seed from which Veitch’s nursery raises thousands of seedlings.


Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Sign up now
Already registered?
Sign in

Before commenting please read our rules for commenting on articles.

If you see a comment you find offensive, you can flag it as inappropriate. In the top right-hand corner of an individual comment, you will see 'flag as inappropriate'. Clicking this prompts us to review the comment. For further information see our rules for commenting on articles.

comments powered by Disqus
Follow us on:
  • Facebook
  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter
  • Google +
Horticulture Jobs
More Horticulture Jobs

Are you a landscape supplier?

Horticulture Week Landscape Project Leads

If so, you should be receiving our new service for Horticulture Week subscribers delivering landscape project leads from live, approved, planning applications across the UK.