Xylella fastidiosa prevention measures strengthened by EU

The EU has strengthened its measures to prevent the spread of Xylella fastidiosa plant pathogen.

The list of regulated plants has been expanded to 160 species and 27 genera. Imports of all the specified plants will be subject to a declaration from the National Plant Protection Organisation of the country of origin showing imports come from x.fastidiosa-free countries, areas, sites and facilities.

Imports of the species of plants for planting referred to below will be permitted only from third countries which have clarified their pest status and provided the relevant additional declarations are included on phytosanitary certificates.

Xylella fastidiosa was recently found in southern Italy to be killing olive trees. Xylella fastidiosa is the bacterium which causes leaf scorch and is also the cause of Pierce's disease in grapes and citrus. X. fastidiosa is spread by a variety of insect vectors. Chile, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Kenya, New Zealand, Serbia, Uganda and Vietnam are among countries saying they are free of the pathogen.

APHA said: "This is in response to developments in Italy, where this disease has been affecting olive trees in Lecce (in South Italy), and also following interceptions of Xylella fastidiosa on imported coffea plants.

"In relation to the statements required from third countries to confirm their pest status, these will be published on the Commission's website as they are received.

"The decision includes a prohibition on the import of coffea plants from Costa Rica and Honduras, as such plants have been involved in recent interceptions of Xylella fastidiosa.

"There is an obligation for member states to undertake surveillance for the pathogen, including enhanced scrutiny at points of import.

"Outbreaks in the EU (currently only in Italy) must be demarcated and there are provisions on movements of Annex I plants from such areas (accompanied by a plant passport, with inspection and testing required before movement) with traceability and checking requirements."

The list:

  • Acacia longifolia
  • Acacia saligna (Labill.)
  • Acer
  • Aesculus
  • Agrostis gigantea
  • Albizia julibrissin
  • Alnus rhombifolia
  • Alternanthera tenella
  • Amaranthus blitoides
  • Ambrosia acanthicarpa
  • Ambrosia artemisiifolia
  • Ambrosia trifida
  • Ampelopsis arborea
  • Ampelopsis cordata
  • Artemisia douglasiana Hook.
  • Artemisia vulgaris var. heterophylla
  • Avena fatua
  • Baccharis halimifolia
  • Baccharis pilularis
  • Baccharis salicifolia
  • Bidens pilosa
  • Brachiaria decumbens
  • Brachiaria plantaginea
  • Brassica
  • Bromus diandrus
  • Callicarpa americana
  • Capsella bursa-pastoris
  • Carex
  • Carya illinoinensis
  • Cassia tora
  • Catharanthus
  • Celastrus orbiculata
  • Celtis occidentalis
  • Cenchrus echinatus
  • Cercis canadensis
  • Cercis occidentalis
  • Chamaecrista fasciculata
  • Chenopodium quinoa
  • Chionanthus
  • Chitalpa tashkinensis
  • Catalpa
  • Citrus
  • Coelorachis cylindrica
  • Coffea
  • Commelina benghalensis
  • Conium maculatum
  • Convolvulus arvensis
  • Conyza canadensis
  • Cornus florida
  • Coronopus didymus
  • Cynodon dactylon
  • Cyperus eragrostis
  • Cyperus esculentus
  • Cytisus scoparius
  • Datura wrightii
  • Digitaria horizontalis
  • Digitaria insularis
  • Digitaria sanguinalis
  • Disphania ambrosioides
  • Duranta erecta
  • Echinochloa crus-galli
  • Encelia farinosa
  • Eriochloa contracta
  • Erodium
  • Escallonia montevidensis
  • Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  • Eucalyptus globulus
  • Eugenia myrtifolia
  • Euphorbia hirta
  • Fagus crenata Blume
  • Ficus carica
  • Fragaria vesca
  • Fraxinus americana
  • Fraxinus dipetala
  • Fraxinus latifolia
  • Fraxinus pennsylvanica
  • Fuchsia magellanica
  • Genista monspessulana
  • Geranium dissectum
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • Gleditsia triacanthos
  • Hedera helix
  • Helianthus annuus
  • Hemerocallis
  • Heteromeles arbutifolia
  • Hibiscus schizopetalus
  • Hibiscus syriacus
  • Hordeum murinum
  • Hydrangea paniculata
  • Ilex vomitoria
  • Ipomoea purpurea
  • Iva annua
  • Jacaranda mimosifolia
  • Juglans
  • Juniperus ashei
  • Koelreuteria bipinnata
  • Lactuca serriola
  • Lagerstroemia indica
  • Lavandula dentata
  • Ligustrum lucidum
  • Lippia nodiflora
  • Liquidambar styraciflua
  • Liriodendron tulipifera
  • Lolium perenne
  • Lonicera japonica
  • Ludwigia grandiflora
  • Lupinus aridorum
  • Lupinus villosus
  • Magnolia grandiflora
  • Malva
  • Marrubium vulgare
  • Medicago polymorpha
  • Medicago sativa
  • Melilotus
  • Melissa officinalis
  • Metrosideros
  • Modiola caroliniana
  • Montia linearis
  • Morus
  • Myrtus communis
  • Nandina domestica
  • Neptunia lutea
  • Nerium oleander
  • Nicotiana glauca
  • Olea europaea
  • Origanum majorana
  • Paspalum dilatatum
  • Persea americana
  • Phoenix reclinata
  • Phoenix roebelenii
  • Pinus taeda
  • Pistacia vera
  • Plantago lanceolata
  • Platanus
  • Pluchea odorata
  • Poa annua
  • Polygala myrtifolia
  • Polygonum arenastrum
  • Polygonum lapathifolium
  • Polygonum persicaria
  • Populus fremontii
  • Portulaca
  • Prunus
  • Pyrus pyrifolia
  • Quercus
  • Ranunculus repens
  • Ratibida columnifera
  • Rhamnus alaternus
  • Rhus diversiloba
  • Rosa californica
  • Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Rubus
  • Rumex crispus
  • Salix
  • Salsola tragus
  • Salvia mellifera
  • Sambucus
  • Sapindus saponaria
  • Schinus molle
  • Senecio vulgaris
  • Setaria magna
  • Silybum marianum
  • Simmondsia chinensis
  • Sisymbrium irio
  • Solanum americanum
  • Solanum elaeagnifolium
  • Solidago virgaurea
  • Sonchus
  • Sorghum
  • Spartium junceum
  • Spermacoce latifolia
  • Stellaria media
  • Tillandsia usneoides
  • Toxicodendron diversilobum
  • Trifolium repens
  • Ulmus americana
  • Ulmus crassifolia
  • Umbellularia californica
  • Urtica dioica
  • Urtica urens
  • Vaccinium
  • Verbena litoralis
  • Veronica
  • Vicia faba
  • Vinca
  • Vitis
  • Westringia fruticosa
  • Xanthium spinosum
  • Xanthium strumarium

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