The Landscape Institute says a landscape-led approach to a new garden city at Bicester in Oxfordshire will have "positive outcomes" for the UK.
The coalition's second new garden city, the government has confirmed will include up to 13,000 new homes to be built on the edge of the town. The measure was announced as part of a National Infrastructure Plan, which includes £2.3bn plans for flood defences and £15bn on roads.
When it comes to flooding, the Landscape Institute warns that the £2.3bn of flood defence measures are "just the tip of the iceberg" in terms of what’s needed.
Landscape Institute past president Sue Illman said: "There’s an urgent need to build greater resilience to flooding in the UK, and while it’s good to confirm the allocation of previously-announced spending, it’s just the tip of the iceberg in terms of the issues that we need to address if we’re to deal with the problems of flooding. We desperately need to rethink the way in which we manage, store and distribute our water in the UK. A comprehensive range of water management techniques would undoubtedly help to prevent devastating floods."
Illman calls on government to honour its commitment to implement Schedule 3 of the Flood and Water Management Act 2010.
On garden cities, the Landscape Institute outlines how landscape-led design can create an adaptable, dynamic, exciting and beautiful city for Bicester.
LI president Noel Farrer said: "A landscape-led approach to planning this new urban space will ensure that it’s created as a distinct place with a strong sense of character to which people can relate, and that it responds to the specific landscape of Bicester to make this new garden city a popular and healthy place to live."
The Landscape Institute’s five principles for designing landscape-led garden garden cities are:
- Start with the landscape
- Work within the landscape
- Develop a positive relationship between town and country
- Build a place worth living in . . . for life
- Create vibrant places