Capability Brown landscapes listed

Historic England is protecting the work of Lancelot 'Capability' Brown to mark the 300th anniversary of the landscaper's birth.

Peper-Historic England
Peper-Historic England

Stoke Place in Buckinghamshire and Peper Harow Park in Surrey are new to the National Heritage List for England.

Heritage Minister Tracey Crouch said: "Capability Brown was a pioneer in landscape design, whose stunning work is still revered 300 years on at beautiful locations throughout the country. I’m delighted that two of his landscapes have been added to the National Heritage List for England, ensuring that these stunning scenes continue to be recognised for centuries to come."

Dr Roger Bowdler, Director of Listing for Historic England said: "Lancelot Brown was one of the great creative forces of Georgian England. Steeped in the practicalities of garden design, he brought a lyrical eye to the landscape and envisioned how nature could be improved upon. Historic England is delighted to be part of the Capability Brown Festival, and proud to help protect even more of his wonderful parks."

Ceryl Evans, Director of the Capability Brown Festival said: "It is a fitting tribute, in this 300th year since Brown’s birth, that his legacy is celebrated with the addition of two landscapes to the List and the re-listing of seven other sites. People have been enjoying Brown’s quintessential British landscapes for hundreds of years, and now, with this special status, the sites will be protected for generations to come. The creation of an aerial map also means that people can view Brown’s landscapes, including those not normally open to the public, from a very different perspective."

A new online map created by Historic England, a partner of the Capability Brown Festival, shows the principal Capability Brown landscapes in England and connects them to the List, showing which areas and buildings are protected.

Historic England is also publishing a new book on the landscape designer, written by John Phibbs. Place-making: The art of Capability Brown will reveal the thinking behind Brown’s genius and how he shaped our idea of the English designed landscape. 

Relisted are Wilderness House at Hampton Court Palace, which has been upgraded to Grade II*.

The Wooten Underwood landscape in Buckinghamshire has been upgraded to Grade I.

Brown’s final resting place is the churchyard of Grade I listed St Peter and St Paul, Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire where he was buried in February 1783. 

The walled garden at Charlton Park, Wiltshire was first listed in 1951. Since then further research has shown that it is highly likely to be a design by Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown, who visited Charlton Park in 1786 and proposed a new walled garden. The List entry has been amended to reflect this.

Other sites re-listed to celebrate Capability Brown’s national importance include:

Hewell Grange,, Worcestershire

Temple Newsam, Leeds

Appuldurcombe, Isle of Wight

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