The garden is set within a wilderness landscape with geological features including striking bronze fins, representing an ancient mountain range, with a melt-water stream running through a gorge below.
It is inspired by the geological events that have shaped the landscape over millions of years, with Sturgeon drawing inspiration from the sense of awe and drama he felt as a child at the Natural History Museum.
The fins are also intended to evoke the bony plates of a stegasaurus which would have roamed the landscape at the time. Rough-hewn Jurassic limestone is used throughout the garden.
The Telegraph Garden also aims for a sense of "right plant, right place", focusing on the importance of adapting to the local environment and future-proofing against climate change.
Crocus built the garden and sourced the plants, which come from similar semi-arid habitats in more than 30 countries.
Foliage colours are mainly dusty greens and grey-greens, with tall flower spikes, umbels and daisies in white, orange, yellow, rust and purple.
Sturgeon has previously won six Golds at Chelsea including Best in Show for his 2010 garden for the Daily Telegraph.
Crocus has previously won 23 Gold medals and 8 Best in Show awards at Chelsea, including Dan Pearson's Best in Show garden in 2015.