She said: "I am deeply honoured to have been elected and to be serving the livery."
While not a grower herself Anderson is nevertheless involved in the food industry and runs a bakery with her husband.
She grew up in the horticultural world as she is the daughter of Michael Sykes - a former Master of the Company and Lee Valley grower who grew tomatoes and cucumbers - and the granddaughter of grower James Webster.
She said: "I have been going to Fruiterer's events for years.
"About a decade ago, when the Company decided to expand its membership to women, I became a Fruiterer. Sometimes it's good to get a different perspective from people outside the fruit industry."
Anderson, in her role as Renter Warden, will form part of the Court - the Livery's supreme authority that meets quarterly to discuss and ratify committee issues.
It is possible that Anderson could become the first female Master of the Company if confirmed by the Livery Court.
The Worshipful Company of Fruiterers is one of 108 Livery companies based in the City of London - long-standing organisations representing the country's traditional trades and crafts.