Trevor Heptinstall, neighbourhood manager, Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council "We are very strong on testing equipment and are also looking at a granular glyphosate. It has been on the agriculture market for a long time, but is only just starting to come into amenity. We are also looking at infrared (weed spraying) machinery and any other new developments in equipment.
"We are trying to make sure that, as an authority, we don't come up on any lists as causing problems with water quality. We have looked at steam, burning and hot foam and involved our local elected members in testing those methods."
James Wilson, managing director, Riverlynx "We are continually developing new machines and have just launched a new lance called the Eliminator to improve application. It has a more accurate application and calibration than a gravity-fed lance. It is about helping users to meet standards so there aren't problems of overdose. We have had a lot of interest in it so far since we launched at IoG Saltex this year.
"We are now looking at other products like this as equipment will be an important part of reducing pesticide use."
Gary Harland, highway weed control lead officer, Wakefield Metropolitan Borough Council "Most areas are only sprayed once, or sometimes twice, a year. We try to use sweeping as an alternative but we are struggling with ensuring the right sweepers are used. We have just trialled a new sweeper that seems to do the job, however.
"The news of the (EU) legislation started coming out about three years ago and we realised we needed to start doing something. The changes we have made are as a result of the legislation."
Mark Dempsey, parks and street scene support services manager, Calderdale Council "In spraying on highways I have tried to push the SWEEP weed control technique that is used in Holland and was developed by Wageningen University.
"We are carrying out sweeping on a five-monthly basis and spraying three or four times a year. But it depends on what the councillors and public expect the standards to be. If they want higher quality it comes down to money.
"Educating councillors is an ongoing process and it needs to be about public awareness of the standards achievable."