The 1900s

The death is announced of the art critic and social thinker John Ruskin, best known by today’s landscape professionals for the following oft quoted statement: "The measure of any great civilisation is its cities and a measure of a city’s greatness is to be found in the quality of its public spaces, its parks and squares".

British garden designer, landscape architect, and town planner Thomas Mawson publishes The Art and Craft of Garden Making.

Bristol-based nursery, Blackmore & Langdon, is founded. The business will become the only nursery at the RHS Chelsea Flower Show centenary in 2013 to have exhibited each year for 100 years.

Results of breeding experiments by Gregor Mendel are rediscovered, paving the way for the discovery of the mechanism of heredity.

Charles Hart and Charles Parr from Iowa build the first commercial petrol-powered traction motor –
or tractor.

Tea merchant Frederick Horniman builds a museum in Forest Hill, London, to house his collection of natural history artefacts. He donates the building and gardens to the public.

Ransomes produces one of the first petrol-powered mowers in 1902, used by Cadbury’s at Bourneville. Charles Henry Pugh Company from Birmingham follows, and goes on (in 1921) to produce the ATCO motor mower.

Sir Thomas Hanbury purchases the garden of former RHS Council member, George Fergusson
Wilson, at Wisley in Surrey, and presents it to the RHS as a new experimental garden.

Ernest Wilson, plant collector for the Veitch Nursery, introduces Meconopsis integrifolia to Europe from China. Other plants introduced by Wilson include his greatest triumph, the regal lily or Lilium regale, Acer griseum, Berberis julianae, Clematis armandii, Clematis montana var. ‘Rubens’, Ilex pernyi, Jasminum mesnyi and Primula pulverulenta.

The Hidcote Estate in the Cotswold village of Hidcote Bartrim is bought by the mother of Lawrence Johnston who begins to form its structure.

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